The increasingly numerous and prosperous elite of wealthy commoners—merchants, manufacturers, and professionals, often called the bourgeoisie —aspired to political power in those countries where it did not already possess it.
On 17 September, the Law of Suspects was passed, which authorized the imprisonment of vaguely defined "suspects".
I am satisfied that the documents which fell into the hands of Professor S. It was implied that once the King had been forced to abdicate he would become the Democratic Ruler of France.
With the backing of the national guardthey persuaded the convention to arrest 29 Girondist leaders. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. He explained how terror would lead to the Republic of Virtue in a speech to the National Convention: Fall of Robespierre and the Jacobins As the bloodshed and executions of the Terror became worse, many people realized that it could not continue.
The Bastille and the Great Fear On June 12, as the National Assembly known as the National Constituent Assembly during its work on a constitution continued to meet at Versailles, fear and violence consumed the capital.
The lists of reactionaries marked down for liquidation were compiled. The philosophes —intellectuals whose writings inspired these arguments—were certainly influenced by 17th-century theorists such as DescartesSpinoza and Lockebut they came to very different conclusions about political, social, and economic matters.
On 22 Prairial 10 Junethe National Convention passed a law proposed by Georges Couthonknown as the Law of 22 Prairialwhich simplified the judicial process and greatly accelerated the work of the Revolutionary Tribunal. The only point upon which there seems to be grounds for disagreement is in regard to the titles chosen by Prof.
La Guillotine en by H. They could make them preach the inversion of the Ten Commandments of God. Terror is nothing more than speedy, severe and inflexible justice; it is thus an emanation of virtue; it is less a principle in itself, than a consequence of the general principle of democracy, applied to the most pressing needs of the patrie [homeland, fatherland] Some historians argue that such terror was a necessary reaction to the circumstances.
Soon afterward Napoleon left to return to France, where he became part of a plot to overthrow the Directory that took place on November 9, 18th Brumaire of the Year VIIIwhen he staged his coup of 18 Brumaire, seizing power and establishing the consulate, rule by three people, which eventually saw him becoming consul for life and, inemperor.
The discovery of new gold mines in Brazil had led to a general rise in prices throughout the West from aboutindicating a prosperous economic situation. This, together with other factors, had led to an increase in the population of Europe unprecedented for several centuries: She disclaimed all knowledge of the transaction.
This fact will be proved time and time again as the story unfolds. The National Convention was bitterly split between the Montagnards and the Girondins. Inchurch lands were expropriated and priests killed and forced to leave France.Nov 09, · Watch video · On August 22,the National Convention, composed largely of Girondins who had survived the Reign of Terror, approved a new constitution that created France’s first bicameral legislature.
The French Revolution (French: Révolution française French pronunciation: 'Reign of Terror' is a label used by some historians for (part of) French history between July and Julybut those historians adhere that label to different periods.
In Julythe revolution was at its lowest ebb. Enemy forces were advancing over French soil, British ships hovered near French ports hoping to link up with rebels, the Vendée had become a region of open rebellion, and Federalist revolts were frequent.
Parisians were worried that Charlotte. French Revolution, political upheaval of world importance in France that began in *Origins of the Revolution*Historians disagree in evaluating the factors that brought about the Revolution.
1. The Reign of Terror was the most violent phase of the French Revolution, a year-long period between the summers of and During this time around 50, Summary of the French Revolution Causes, beginning, end, facts, effects, timeline, the French Revolutionary Wars, Marie Antoinette, Napoleon.Download