The 23rd article of wests 1949 constitution

Living wage, etc, for workers The State shall endeavour to secure, by suitable legislation or economic organisation or in any other way, to all workers, agricultural, industrial or otherwise, work, a living wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life and full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to promote cottage industries on an individual or co operative basis in rural areas The Treaty was challenged in the Federal Constitutional court, as apparently contradicting the overriding aspirations of the Basic Law for a unified German state; but the Treaty's legality was upheld by the Court, heavily qualified by a reassertion of the claim that the German Reich continued to exist as an 'overall state' such that the duty to strive for future German unity could not be abandoned while East and West Germany remained disunited, albeit that without any institutional organs of itself the 'overall' Reich was currently not capable of action.

Under the old constitution, power derived from "the people", while Article 2 of the new Constitution stated that power emanated from "the worker in city and country". Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker A member holding office as Speaker or Deputy Speaker of the House of the People a shall vacate his office if he ceases to be a member of the House of the People; b may at any time, by writing under his hand addressed, if such member is the Speaker, to the Deputy Speaker, and if such member is the Deputy Speaker, to the Speaker, resign his office; and c may be removed from his office by a resolution of the House of the People passed by a majority of all the then members of the House: Article 23 of the Basic Law provided other de jure German states, initially not included in the field of application of the Basic Law, with the right to declare their accession Beitritt at a later date.

Critics have pointed out that the absence of a genuinely independent constitutional judiciary since it and all other governmental organs were subordinated to the Volkshammer rendered the document virtually meaningless, however. The constitution was a compromise; it could have served either as a basis for building a socialist and eventually Communist society or as the basis for a democratic all-German republic.

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However, the German President has a role which is more than ceremonial. Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the council of States 1 The Vice President of India shall be ex officio Chairman of the Council of States 2 The council of States shall, as soon as may be, choose a member of the council to be Deputy an thereof and, so often as the office of Deputy Chairman becomes vacant, the council shall choose another member to be Deputy chairman thereof The constitution was a compromise; it could have served either as a basis for building a socialist and eventually Communist society or as the basis for a democratic all-German republic.

Discharge of Presidents functions in other contingencies Parliament may make such provision as if thinks fit for the discharge of the functions of the President in any contingency not provided for in this Chapter The new procedure was intended to provide more stability than under the Weimar Constitution, when extremists on the left and right would vote to remove a chancellor, without agreeing on a new one, creating a leadership vacuum.

Modeled closely on the Soviet Constitutionit integrated all the constitutional changes that had taken place since into a new "socialist" framework, but it reduced certain rights provided in the earlier version.

Laws made under Articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters 1 Any law referred to in Article 2 or Article 3 shall contain such provisions for the amendment of the First Schedule and the Fourth Schedule as may be necessary to give effect to the provisions of the law and may also contain such supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions including provisions as to representation in Parliament and in the Legislature or Legislatures of the State or States affected by such law as Parliament may deem necessary 2 No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of Article PART II C ITIZENSHIP 5.

Therefore, although the Basic Law was considered provisional, it allowed more parts of Germany to join its field of application. Several important amendments were made at the initiative of the SED in the eighteen years in which the constitution was in force.

Provided that nothing in this article shall apply to a person who, after having so migrated to the territory now included in Pakistan, has returned to the territory of India under a permit for resettlement or permanent return issued by or under the authority of any law and every such person shall for the purposes of clause b of Article 6 be deemed to have migrated to the territory of India after the nineteenth day of July, 8.

Power of President to grant pardons, etc, and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases 1 The President shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence a in all cases where the punishment or sentence is by a court Martial; b in all cases where the punishment or sentence is for an offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the Union extends; c in all cases where the sentence is a sentence of death 2 Noting in sub clause a of Clause 1 shall affect the power to suspend, remit or commute a sentence of death exercisable by the Governor of a State under any law for the time being in force The towns of Elten, Selfkant, and Suderwick, which had been occupied and annexed by Netherlands inwere reunited with the Federal Republic in by means of an international treaty without invoking Article Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application etc Parliament may, by law, determine to what extent any of the rights conferred by this Part shall, in their application to, a the members of the Armed Forces; or b the members of the Forces charged with the maintenance of public order; or c persons employed in any bureau or other organisation established by the State for purposes of intelligence or counter intelligence; or d persons employed in, or in connection with, the telecommunication systems set up for the purposes of any Force, bureau or organisation referred to in clauses a to cbe restricted or abrogated so as to ensure the proper discharge of their duties and the maintenance of discipline among them Admission or establishment of new States: The territories of the States; the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and such other territories as may be acquired 2.

The Vice President to be ex officio Chairman of the council of States The Vice President shall be ex officio chairman of the counsel of States and shall not hold any other office of profit: The Communist regime in East Germany fell in The constitution both resembled and differed from Western parliamentary democracies in various respects.

Article 1, sentence 1: Provided that the reference in this Explanation to the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published shall, until the relevant figures for the first census taken after the year have been published, be construed as a reference to the census THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA Preamble WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political.

On May 23, the West German Parliamentary Council met and formally declared the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany. Although Konrad Adenauer, the president of the council and future.

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THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA Preamble WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and.

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The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany (May 23rd, ) Jurisprudentia Verlag Würzburg. Printed by digital reproduction. Jurisprudentia Verlag, Würzburg The Basic Law (Grundgesetz): The Constitution of the Fed-eral Republic of Germany (May 23rd, ) / by Axel.

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The 23rd article of wests 1949 constitution
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